Hurling is a traditional Irish sport that is the oldest and fastest field game in the world. With a long history dating back over 3000 years, hurling remains the second most popular sport in Ireland today. The first literary reference of hurling dates the sport to 1272 BC during the battle of Moytura in County Mayo. The rulers of Ireland at the time were known as the Fir Bolg who were challenged by the invading Tuatha Dé Danann but as both sides prepared for a battle they took part in a hurling match. Even though the Fir Bolg’s won the match they eventually lost the battle and were driven from Ireland. In Irish mythology, hurling is often associated with warriors such as Cuchulainn and Fionn Mac Cumhail. It may have been taught as a skill in the art of battle and a warrior’s reputation would be known for his skill at hurling.
In 1336 hurling was banned when the Statute of Kilkenny was introduced after the invasion of the 슬롯머신 Normans but this had little effect as people continued to play the sport. It was banned again in 1537 with the Statute of Galway but again, had little or no effect. Even though hurling was a banned sport its popularity continued to grow right into the 17th & 18th century. The game was in danger of dying out after the Great Famine of Ireland which had one million people dead and another million people emigrating elsewhere. Other variations of the game grew more popular putting the traditional game at more risk until it was decided that common regulations needed to be established. The man behind the idea of having regulations was Michael Cusack, and who wrote about the game’s revival in 1882. Two years later the Gaelic Athletic Association was formed to revive traditional and indigenous sports in Ireland. Today the GAA is Ireland’s largest sporting organization and is responsible for the regulation of hurling.
- The sliotar must be flicked up from the ground using the hurley. Picking it up by hand is not allowed.
- Players cannot throw the sliotar by hand; it can be passed by hand slapping the sliotar to another player.
- Players must not take more than 4 steps with sliotar in hand. They can carry the sliotar on the base (called bas) of the hurley for more than 4 steps or pass it to another player.
- Passing the sliotar from one hand to another is not allowed.
- The obvious pushing, tripping, and jersey pulling is forbidden.
- Chopping is not allowed, this when a player uses their hurl to chop down on another players hurl.